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Libanonkrieg

Libanonkrieg Inhaltsverzeichnis

Als Libanonkrieg werden die Kämpfe zwischen der Hisbollah und Israel bezeichnet, die am Juli begannen und mit einem Waffenstillstand am August vorläufig zu Ende gingen. Auf israelischer Seite setzte sich für die Auseinandersetzungen. Als Libanonkrieg werden die Kämpfe zwischen der Hisbollah und Israel bezeichnet, die am Juli begannen und mit einem Waffenstillstand am Libanonkrieg bezeichnet: Libanesischer Bürgerkrieg (–); Operation Litani (); Libanonkrieg · Libanonkrieg Siehe auch: Libanonkrise​. Der Libanonkrieg war eine militärische Auseinandersetzung im Libanon zwischen der israelischen Armee und verbündeten Milizen auf der einen sowie. Es heißt, ehemalige Soldaten litten umso mehr unter den Folgen eines Krieges, je weniger dieser von der Gesellschaft akzeptiert sei. Der Libanonkrieg ist.

libanonkrieg

Als Libanonkrieg werden die Kämpfe zwischen der Hisbollah und Israel bezeichnet, die am Juli begannen und mit einem Waffenstillstand am Kaum ein anderer Krieg ist bis heute so umstritten wie der Zweite Libanonkrieg von Die israelische Armee war unvorbereitet. Soldaten. Auf israelischer Seite wurde der Krieg auch als Bezeichnung "Zweiter Libanonkrieg" bezeichnet, da eine bereits langjährige Besatzung des Libanon zurück lag. In.

Libanonkrieg Video

Libanonkrieg 1982 Kaum ein anderer Krieg ist bis heute so umstritten wie der Zweite Libanonkrieg von Die israelische Armee war unvorbereitet. Soldaten. Auf israelischer Seite wurde der Krieg auch als Bezeichnung "Zweiter Libanonkrieg" bezeichnet, da eine bereits langjährige Besatzung des Libanon zurück lag. In. Seit dem Libanonkrieg hatte die Hisbollah gemeinsam mit ihrem Mentor Iran alles daran gesetzt, schnellstmöglich wieder zu einer realen. Der Libanonkrieg scheint mit der UN-. Reso lution und der Aufstellung und der Entsendung einer UN-Friedens truppe mit starker EU-Beteiligung sein. Der Libanonkrieg ist also von Beginn an definitiv kein Krieg zwischen zwei Staaten, sondern einer zwischen der libanesischen Hisbollah und dem Staat Israel. Als.

More context All My memories Ask Google. Add a translation. German Im Libanonkrieg änderte sich die Doktrin. English However, the constitution was suspended in German Der zweite Libanonkrieg erschütterte auch Ibillin.

English The second Lebanon War also shook Ibillin. German Das beherrschende Thema seiner Amtszeit war der Libanonkrieg English For much of the race, MacKay was the clear front-runner.

German Mit dem Libanonkrieg und den daraus folgenden groben Fehlwahrnehmungen verhält es sich jetzt genauso.

English It is the same now with the Lebanon war and the gross misperceptions that have followed. German Durch den Libanonkrieg und seine Folgen änderte sich diese gemächlich vor sich hintreibende Nachbarschaftspolitik plötzlich fundamental.

English But the war in Lebanon and its consequences have caused a sudden and fundamental change in the leisurely pursuit of this policy.

German Der Krieg zwischen dem israelischen zionistischen Staat und den Palästinensern erreicht eine seit dem Libanonkrieg nicht erreichte Stufe.

English The war between the Israeli Zionist state and the Palestinians is reaching a level unseen since the Lebanon war.

German Er befehligte des Weiteren ein Infanteriebataillon bei der Operation Litani und ein Bataillon einer Offiziersschule während dem Libanonkrieg English He also commanded an infantry battalion in Operation Litani, and an officers' school battalion during the Lebanon War.

German Der Libanonkrieg rief eine breite Protestwelle nicht nur in muslimischen Ländern, sondern auch in Europa und in Lateinamerika hervor.

German Der Libanonkrieg hat nun vor allen Augen demonstriert, wie weit dieser gefährliche Prozess praktisch bereits fortgeschritten ist.

English The war in Lebanon has made it abundantly clear how far this dangerous process has already progressed. German Zum Teil haben sich die Besucherzahlen wegen der jüngsten Kontroversen wie dem Karikaturenstreit und dem Libanonkrieg gegenüber denen früherer Festivals erhöht.

English "To some extent, the audiences have been bigger than previous festivals because of the recent controversies such as the cartoons outrage and the Lebanese war.

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Lettris Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content.

Copyrights The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata. Before the ceasefire, the two Hezbollah members of cabinet said that their militia would not disarm south of the Litani River , according to another senior member of the Lebanese cabinet, [95] while a top Hezbollah official similarly denied any intention of disarming in the south.

Israel said it would stop withdrawing from Southern Lebanon if Lebanese troops were not deployed there within a matter of days. Both sides used cluster bombs during the conflict.

Israel fired 4. The unguided and imprecise rockets were fired from mobile rocket launching platforms. To compensate for the inaccuracy of the rockets, the areas were flooded with munitions.

These were fired by multiple rocket launchers , mm artillery guns, and dropped by aircraft. Hezbollah fired 4, submunitions into civilian-populated areas of northern Israel in separate strikes, using Chinese made Type mm rockets, and Type submunitions.

These attacks killed one civilian and wounded twelve. Human Rights Watch "found that the IDF's use of cluster munitions was both indiscriminate and disproportionate, in violation of IHL, and in some locations possibly a war crime" because "the vast majority [were dropped] over the final three days when Israel knew a settlement was imminent.

Also phosphorus shells were used by the IDF to attack civilian areas in Lebanon. The shelling was investigated as a violation of international law.

During the war, the IAF dropped 17, leaflets over Lebanon in 47 missions, and sent more than , computerized voice messages.

Many of them contained caricatures of Hassan Nasrallah and Hezbollah leading Lebanon to ruin and making civilians suffer, showing them as puppets of Iran and Syria, and calling on civilians to help remove Hezbollah.

Another leaflet addressing Hezbollah fighters told them that they were lied to by their leaders, that they were "sent like sheep to be butchered, lacking military training and without proper combat gear", that they could not hope to face "highly trained soldiers that fight to protect their homeland, their people, and their home", referring to them as "mercenaries" without the support of the Lebanese public, and urging them to run and save their lives.

On 26 July, Israel dropped leaflets containing illustrations of nine tombstones with the name of a dead Hezbollah fighter on each one, in response to Nasrallah "deceiving" people on the amount of Hezbollah casualties.

Another leaflet urged Hezbollah fighters to stop bleeding and fighting for Nasrallah, who sat safe in a bunker, to stop fighting against Lebanese national interests, and to return to their homes and families.

On 11 August, Israel dropped leaflets accusing Hezbollah of hiding its "great losses", and containing the names of 90— Hezbollah fighters killed.

Israeli technicians also hacked into Al-Manar and broadcast clips, criticizing Nasrallah, showing the bodies of Hezbollah fighters, footage from Israeli raids and airstrikes, and captured Hezbollah equipment.

The Lebanese civilian death toll is difficult to pinpoint as most published figures, including those released by the Lebanese government, do not distinguish between civilians and Hezbollah combatants.

The death toll estimates do not include Lebanese killed since the end of fighting by land mines or unexploded Israeli cluster bombs.

During the war Hezbollah kept a firm lid on its casualties. Although it did announce casualty numbers in some of the clashes, the party did not publish a comprehensive estimate for the duration of the war.

A tally made by Associated Press counted to 70 dead Hezbollah fighters officially acknowledged by party during the war.

On 6 August Haaretz reported the IDF placing the number of Hezbollah fighters killed at , but added that "armies fighting guerrilla forces tend to exaggerate the fatalities of the enemy".

Matthews military historian at United States Army Combined Arms Center , also described these figures as "highly exaggerated" because he asserts that Hezbollah suffered only casualties.

A 4 August Daily Telegraph article by Con Coughlin , referring to estimates by Lebanese officials, said that up to Hezbollah fighters had been killed and 1, wounded.

According to the article, many of Hezbollah's wounded were secretly evacuated to hospitals in Syria through the Al-Arissa Border Crossing.

A later article by the Daily Telegraph said that funerals of fallen Hezbollah fighters were "staggered" and were interred without ceremony for re-burial later.

Coughlin quoted a senior Lebanese security official as saying that "Hizbollah is desperate to conceal its casualties because it wants to give the impression that it is winning its war.

People might reach a very different conclusion if they knew the true extent of Hizbollah's casualties.

They considered this number an indication of Hezbollah fatalities but warned that it could be revised upward in the future.

IDF Maj. Yaakov Amidror said that IDF had identified the names of members of Hezbollah who were killed in the war. Based on this number he estimated that the total amounted killed in the war to between and Four months after the end of the war the deputy chairman of the Hezbollah Political Council Mahmoud Qomati substantially raised the official estimate of the number of Hezbollah fatalities.

He now claimed that fighters had been killed in the war. Instead of the Hezbollah fatalities said during the war, Israeli government spokesperson Miri Eisin in December revised that estimate, saying, "We think that it's closer to Hezbollah claimed that many of Hezbollah's dead were local village fighters rather than regulars.

However, according to one analyst, who noted that general estimates place Hezbollah's losses at around — fighters out of a regular fighting force of 2,, "this was mainly party propaganda attempting to put a brave face on what was by any measure a major blow to the resistance," and claimed that Hezbollah subsequently went on a recruitment drive to replace its losses.

According to the Yedioth Ahronoth "Encyclopedia" of the Second Lebanon War, the main reason for the discrepancy between Lebanese and Israeli estimates of the number of Hezbollah fatalities during the war and respectively was that the former included only Hezbollah combatants while the latter also included civilian members of Hezbollah.

It argued as an extrapolation from those 94 attacks that an estimated of these were Hezbollah combatants and the remaining were civilians.

The Amal movement , a Shiite militia that fought alongside Hezbollah, suffered 17 dead. Armed elements of the Lebanese Communist Party suffered 12 dead.

Hezbollah General-Secretary Hassan Nasrallah said in an interview with New TV August shortly after the war that between 10 and 12 Hezbollah commanders were killed in the war.

None of the first or second levels of the leadership were harmed. Three commanders of the third level however were killed; an operations officer in the Bint Jbeil axis, a logistics officer and a third commander involved in the military side of the party.

In addition three or four town commanders and four or five village commanders were killed in the war. Nasrallah did not mention any names but some of these were subsequently identified.

Both had taken part in the abduction of the two Israeli soldiers that had started the war. Rani Adnan Bazzi died in hand-to-hand combat, together with seven of his men, in the strategic town of al-Ghandouriya, controlling the strategic wadi crossing.

A further three fighters were wounded in the battle and one of them were taken prisoner by the IDF. In the end he was severely wounded by a drone strike and died some time later from his wounds.

Though rarely engaged in combat, 43 Lebanese soldiers and policemen were killed. Hezbollah rockets and mortars killed 44 Israeli civilians during the conflict, including a severely wounded Haifa resident who died from his wounds more than a year after the war.

In addition four elderly died of heart attacks during rocket attacks. A total of IDF soldiers were killed in the war, including the two soldiers who were seized in the cross-border raid that started the war.

Their fates were not confirmed until their bodies were exchanged for Lebanese prisoners in On 14 July, a Hezbollah operated C anti-ship missile struck an Israeli Navy gunship killing 4 sailors and damaging the warship.

INS Hanit was damaged on the waterline, under the aft superstructure [] [] by a missile likely a Chinese-designed C [] fired by Hezbollah that reportedly set the flight deck on fire and crippled the propulsion systems inside the hull.

The slick killed fish including the Atlantic bluefin tuna , a species already nearing extinction in the Mediterranean, and threatened the habitat of the endangered green sea turtle.

An additional 25, tons of oil burned at the power station, creating a "toxic cloud" that rained oil downwind.

Hezbollah rocket attacks caused numerous forest fires inside northern Israel, particularly on the Naftali mountain range near Kiryat Shmona.

Israeli bombing also caused significant damage to the world heritage sites of Tyre and Byblos. In Tyre a Roman tomb was damaged and a fresco near the centre of the site collapsed.

In Byblos , a medieval tower was damaged and Venetian period remains near the harbour were dramatically stained by the oil slick and were considered to be difficult to clean.

Damage to various industries occurred during the war. The Lebanese national airline, MEA , had also been grounded for the duration of the conflict.

Agricultural activity, particularly in south Lebanon, was abandoned due to the fighting and bombing of the irrigation system.

Damage to communal and business infrastructure, the Israeli-imposed sea and air blockade and continued instability is preventing and deterring tourists.

These attacks have been criticised as an attempt to "lay claim to Lebanon's prime watersheds ".

Attacks on the Litani Dam were also criticised. Israeli officials explained the damage to the water infrastructures was unintentional and collateral to attacks on roads and bridges used by Hezbollah.

The international journalists' representative body, Reporters without Borders , reported that, to its knowledge, the IDF had damaged transmitting equipment in the Satka area of Beirut and reduced the premises of Al Manar to ruins.

Reporters Without Borders disputes this saying that the station "cannot be viewed as [a] military" target. The United States government further responded by authorizing Israel's request for expedited shipment of precision-guided bombs , but did not announce the decision publicly.

Bush said he thought the conflict was part of the " War on Terrorism ". Among neighboring Middle Eastern nations, Iran , Syria, and Yemen voiced strong support for Hezbollah, while the Arab League , Egypt, and Jordan issued statements criticizing Hezbollah's actions [] and declaring support for Lebanon.

Many worldwide protests and demonstrations appealed for an immediate ceasefire on both sides and expressed concern for the heavy loss of civilian life on all sides.

Other demonstrations were held exclusively in favor of Lebanon or Israel. Numerous newspaper advertising campaigns, SMS and email appeals, and online petitions also occurred.

Various foreign governments assisted the evacuation of their citizens from Lebanon. Under international humanitarian law , warring parties are obliged to distinguish between combatants and civilians , ensure that attacks on legitimate military targets are proportional , and guarantee that the military advantage of such attacks outweigh the possible harm done to civilians.

Various groups and individuals accused both Israel and Hezbollah of violations of these laws during the conflict, and warned of possible war crimes.

No formal charges have been filed against either group. Amnesty International called on both Hezbollah and Israel to end attacks on civilian areas during the conflict, [] and criticized attacks against civilian villages and infrastructure by Israel.

Israel said that it tried to avoid civilians, and had distributed leaflets calling on civilian residents to evacuate, [] but that Hezbollah stored weapons in and fired from civilian areas, making those areas legitimate targets, [] and used civilians as human shields.

Al-Jazeera reported at the time: "Foreign journalists based in Lebanon also reported that the Shia militia chose to fight from civilian areas and had on occasion prevented Lebanese civilians from fleeing conflict-hit areas of south Lebanon.

Al-Manar , Hezbollah's satellite channel, also showed footage of Hezbollah firing rockets from civilian areas and produced animated graphics showing how Hezbollah fired rockets at Israeli cities from inside villages in southern Lebanon.

Images obtained by the Sunday Herald Sun show that "Hezbollah is waging war amid suburbia. The images Dressed in civilian clothing so they can quickly disappear, the militants carrying automatic assault rifles and ride in on trucks mounted with cannon.

Amnesty International stated, however, that the volume of civilian casualties and damage to civilian infrastructure suggested that Israel was not just trying to target Hezbollah fighters.

An AI spokesperson, Kate Gilmore, said that "[t]he pattern, scope and scale of the attacks makes Israel's claim that this was 'collateral damage', simply not credible".

On 24 July , Haaretz reported that the official Israeli inquiry into the war "is to include the examination of claims that the IDF committed war crimes during last summer's fighting.

A 6 September Human Rights Watch report found that most of the civilian deaths in Lebanon resulted from "indiscriminate Israeli airstrikes", and found that Israeli aircraft targeted vehicles carrying fleeing civilians.

Kenneth Roth , Human Rights Watch executive director, said there were only "rare" cases of Hezbollah operating in civilian villages.

But this doesn't justify the IDF's failure to distinguish between civilians and combatants, and if in doubt to treat a person as a civilian, as the laws of war require.

The Commission claimed that the evidence shows that the Israel Defense Forces did not target civilians, in contrast to Hezbollah and to denunciations by NGOs, and explained that terms like "war crimes" are without basis.

The criticism gradually increased toward the end of the war-as it became clearer that the IDF was not managing to win.

But the general spirit of the war coverage, in the broad strategic sense, as utterly uncritical. Even when we had problematic material related to the management of the war In a certain sense, we betrayed our role as journalists, but we did so because we took national, patriotic considerations into account and decided that in the event of war, and certainly a war which was not progressing as it should and was going awry, we were part of the Country; that it was permissible, and even required of us, to postpone disputes and criticism; and that we did not have to apologize, or to feel abashed, for our support and backing of the Army and the Government.

According to the report, "significant coverage of the decision-making process was almost entirely absent in Israel's media" at the beginning of the war and reports on the status of Israelis living in the North who did not receive proper governmental support were marginalized.

Further, the report states that the media unreasonably centered on the question of the loyalties of Arab-Israelis in the North instead of focusing on inadequate provision of services by the state.

The report acknowledges that the Israeli media reported on Lebanese suffering, But states that it divorced the suffering from the IDF operations causing it.

Finally, with regard to diplomacy, Israeli media buried the stories on negotiations to reflect the derision held by decision-makers toward a diplomatic solution.

Robertson noted that despite his minder's anxiety about explosions in the area, it was clear that Hezbollah had sophisticated media relations and were in control of the situation.

Hezbollah designated the places that they went to, and the journalists "certainly didn't have time to go into the houses or lift up the rubble to see what was underneath.

Several media commentators and journalists have alleged an intentionally distorted coverage of the events, in favour of Hezbollah, by means of photo manipulation , staging by Hezbollah or by journalists, and false or misleading captioning.

Social and online media were important for providing alternate means of creating and disseminating accounts and political commentary.

Swedish politician Lars Adaktusson , who worked as a journalist in Israel for national news outlet Sveriges Television SVT at the time of the war, stated in a presentation that he was ordered by SVT management to report that armed hostilities had been started by Israel irrespective of the facts.

Also he was ordered not to report Hizbollah rocket attacks on Israeli civilians. Following the UN-brokered ceasefire, there were mixed responses on who had gained or lost the most in the war.

Iran and Syria proclaimed a victory for Hezbollah [] while Olmert declared that the war was a success for Israel. At the outbreak of hostilities, Prime Minister Fouad Siniora promised to rein in Hezbollah in an effort to stop Israel's offensive.

Saniora said that there could be no sovereign state of Lebanon without the group's disarming. The former President of Lebanon Amin Gemayel , a longtime critic of Hezbollah said, "Hezbollah took a unilateral action, but its repercussions will affect the entire country.

Many admired the organization for being the sole group to fight against Israel. Others considered it to be a dangerous militia that executes Iran and Syria policies in Lebanon.

The divide over Hezbollah followed mostly sectarian lines, with Shias largely supporting the group and Sunnis , Christians and Druse mostly opposing it.

On 27 August , Nasrallah said in an interview with New TV that the abduction of the two soldiers did not cause the war.

It only advanced a long planned war for a few months. But he added: "If there was even a 1 percent chance that the July 11 capturing operation would have led to a war like the one that happened, would you have done it?

I would say no, absolutely not, for humanitarian, moral, social, security, military, and political reasons. The fact that it happened in July has averted a situation that would have been a lot worse, had the war been launched in October.

On 22 September , some eight hundred thousand Hezbollah supporters gathered in Beirut for a rally at which Nasrallah stated that Hezbollah had achieved a "divine and strategic victory.

Within hours of Israeli's bombing of Lebanon on 13 July , hundreds of protesters gathered in Tel Aviv to oppose the war. Initially, in a poll by an Israeli radio station, Israelis were split on the outcome with the majority believing that no one won.

On 21 August, a group of demobilized Israel reserve soldiers and parents of soldiers killed in the fighting started a movement calling for the resignation of Olmert and the establishment of a state commission of inquiry.

They set up a protest tent opposite the Knesset and grew to over 2, supporters by 25 August, [ citation needed ] including the influential Movement for Quality Government.

These would have a more limited mandate and less authority than a single inquiry commission headed by a retired judge.

Critics argued that these committees amount to a whitewash , due to their limited authority, limited investigatory scope, their self-appointed basis, and that neither would be headed by a retired judge.

Due to these pressures, on 11 October, Admoni was replaced by retired justice Eliyahu Winograd as chair of the political probe, and the probe itself was elevated to the status of governmental commission with near-state commission mandate: the Winograd Commission.

On 12 September, former defense minister Moshe Arens spoke of "the defeat of Israel" in calling for a state committee of inquiry.

He said that Israel had lost "to a very small group of people, 5, Hezbollah fighters, which should have been no match at all for the IDF", and stated that the conflict could have "some very fateful consequences for the future.

Dan Halutz' resignation. He noted that Hezbollah had "lost about a third of its elite fighting force" and that "despite mistakes made by the IDF in conducting the military campaign, Israeli soldiers triumphed in every face-to-face battle with Hezbollah.

In March , the Committee decided to name the war the "Second Lebanon War", a decision that was subsequently approved by the Israeli cabinet.

In , Ehud Barak , the replacement defense minister for Peretz, stated that the conflict failed to disarm Hezbollah, and that the group is increasingly entrenched in South Lebanon, further stating that "Hezbollah is stronger than ever and has more rockets than at the outbreak of the Lebanon war in the summer of " [] but he later noted that "[Israeli] deterrence still exists.

Israeli military historian Martin van Creveld stated that Israel's war against Hezbollah was indeed "marked by a long series of failures" but he criticized the Winograd Commission for its failure to take into account the substantial achievements of the war.

He noted that hundreds of Hezbollah fighters were killed in the war, and that the organization had "the fight knocked out of it", since following the war, Israel experienced a level of calm on its Lebanon border not seen since the mids.

He also noted that Hezbollah was "thrown out of South Lebanon", and was replaced by "a fairly robust United Nations peacekeeping force" to prevent its return.

Yaakov Amidror highlighted the number of Hezbollah militants killed, the quick military response to Hezbollah's long-range rocket attacks, the post-war replacement of Hezbollah by the Lebanese Army and UNIFIL in southern Lebanon, and Iran's loss of Hezbollah as a deterrent against an Israeli first strike following the war.

According to the Winograd Commission report, the Second Lebanon War was regarded as a "missed opportunity" and that "Israel initiated a long war, which ended without a defined military victory".

The report continued to state that "a semi-military organization of a few thousand men resisted, for a few weeks, the strongest army in the Middle East, which enjoyed full air superiority and size and technology advantages.

Following a long period of using standoff firepower and limited ground activities, the IDF launched a large-scale ground offensive close to the UN Security Council's resolution which imposed a cease-fire.

Later in the Report, the Commission stated that "[a] decision [was] made in the night of 12 July to react to the capturing with immediate and substantive military action and to set In the aftermath of the conflict US President George Bush said that Hezbollah was responsible for starting the war, and that the group suffered a defeat at the hands of Israel.

He also said that Israel "mishandled its opportunity", and that some of the sites it attacked were of "questionable military value".

In a speech given on 15 August , Syrian President Bashar al-Assad claimed that the Arab resistance against Israel would continue to grow stronger, saying, "Your weapons, warplanes, rockets and even your atomic bomb will not protect you in the future.

The Economist magazine concluded that by surviving this asymmetrical military conflict with Israel, Hezbollah effectively emerged with a military and political victory from this conflict.

They cite the facts that Hezbollah was able to sustain defenses on Lebanese soil and inflict unmitigated rocket attacks on Israeli civilians in the face of a punishing air and land campaign by the IDF.

Matt M. Matthews, a military historian at the Combat Studies Institute of the U. The US Congressional Research Service found that although Hezbollah's military capabilities may have been substantially reduced, its long-term potential as a guerrilla movement appeared to remain intact: "Observers note that Hezbollah's leaders have been able to claim a level of 'victory' simply by virtue of not having decisively 'lost'.

Military analyst and former IDF general Giora Eiland concluded that, though outgunned and outnumbered, Hezbollah managed to hold off Israel's advanced armed forces and proved its ability to damage Israel by launching rockets at its territory until the end of the war.

He estimates that Hezbollah's destructive capabilities have increased in the years after the war and that the group is capable to inflict "far worse damage on the Israeli homefront" than in In the BBC documentary, Hunting for Hezbollah , BBC This World reporter Emeka Onono referred to Israel's inability to eliminate Hezbollah as a "humiliation for Israel's supposedly all-powerful army," and he went on to claim that Hezbollah's survival propelled it to hero status throughout many Muslim nations.

British military historian John Keegan stated that the outcome of the war was "misreported as an Israeli defeat" due to anti-Israel bias in the international media.

He concluded that Hezbollah had suffered heavy losses, and that a cease-fire came into effect before Israel could completely dislodge Hezbollah from its positions.

He also stated that the casualties sustained by Israel during the war had alarmed the Israeli Government and High Command because Israel's small population is acutely vulnerable to losses in battle.

Charles Krauthammer , a syndicated columnist and political commentator, citing an interview by which Nasrallah admitted that he would not have captured the soldiers had he known that it would lead to war, wrote, "Nasrallah's admission, vastly underplayed in the West, makes clear what Lebanese already knew.

Hezbollah may have won the propaganda war, but on the ground it lost. The Washington Post stated that the war had been "widely seen as a disaster for the Israeli military".

It further reported that the US Defense Department had sent as many as a dozen teams to interview Israeli officers who had fought in the war, to learn the lessons of the Israeli army's failures during the conflict.

Michael Young, opinion page editor at the Lebanese Daily Star newspaper, stated that Hezbollah turned "the stench of defeat into the smell of victory", through clever use of its propaganda machine.

He suggested that Hezbollah had "hoodwinked" pundits who believed that Hezbollah was victorious, and opined that "one dreads to imagine what Hezbollah would recognize as a military loss.

American military strategist and historian Edward Luttwak drew comparisons with the Yom Kippur War, where what initially looked like an Israeli setback later turned out to be an IDF victory and an Arab defeat.

He stated that although some IDF tanks were penetrated by missiles, they also largely limited IDF casualties, and that Hezbollah had failed to inflict massive losses on the IDF and to kill large numbers of Israelis in rocket attacks.

Journalist Michael Totten wrote that "Hezbollah lost and Hezbollah knows it. Totten concluded that Nasrallah's boasts "play well in much of the Arab world", but that the "victory" seemed "empty at home.

Armin Rosen, Defense and military advisor wrote at Business Insider that the Lebanon War was "widely remembered as one of the worst debacles in the history of the Israeli military", but remarked that it established Israeli deterrence against Hezbollah.

In the days following 14 August ceasefire, Hezbollah launched dozens of rockets and mortars inside southern Lebanon, which Israel did not respond to, though there were several instances where Israeli troops killed armed Hezbollah members approaching their positions.

The German Defence Ministry said that the planes had given off infrared decoys and one of the aircraft had fired two shots into the air, which had not been specifically aimed.

The Israeli military said that a German helicopter took off from the vessel without having coordinated this with Israel, and denied vehemently having fired any shots at the vessel and said "as of now" it also had no knowledge of the jets launching flares over it.

Germany confirmed the consultations, and that both sides were interested in maintaining good cooperation.

On 1 December , UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan submitted a report to the Security Council president maintaining "there were no serious incidents or confrontations" since the cease-fire in August He did, however, note that peacekeepers reported air violations by Israel "almost on a daily basis," which Israel maintained were a security measure related to continuing Syrian and Iranian arms shipments to Hezbollah, and evidence of the presence of unauthorized armed personnel, assets, and weapons in Lebanon.

The months after the hostilities saw major upheaval in the Israeli military and political echelon, with the spate of high-ranking resignations including Chief of General Staff Dan Halutz , [] and calls for resignations of many cabinet-members including Prime-Minister Ehud Olmert following publication of the Winograd Commission 's findings.

On 7 February , the Lebanese Army fired at an Israeli bulldozer on the border, and Israeli forces returned fire. There were no reported casualties.

Lebanon claimed that the bulldozer had crossed the border and entered Lebanese territory. On 30 June , UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon 's fourth report on the implementation of Security Council Resolution fingered Israel, Lebanon and Hezbollah for violating the ceasefire, but called the firing of rockets into Israel by unknown elements "the most serious breach of the cessation of hostilities since the end of the war.

It further stated that in spite of "flexibility by Israel beyond the framework of UNSC-Resolution , implementation of the resolution's humanitarian aspects has not yet been possible.

On 12 February , Imad Mugniyah , the head of Hezbollah's military wing, was assassinated by a car bomb in Damascus. Although Israel officially denied involvement, Mugniyah had been the target of previous Mossad assassination attempts.

Israel and the United Nations stated that the explosion was a hidden Hezbollah weapons cache, and condemned Hezbollah for violating Resolution The Lebanese government stated that the explosion was caused by IDF munitions left following the war.

On 23 August , the IDF published a video it said showed villagers from Marwakhin , a village in Southern Lebanon, "forcefully resisting" efforts by Hezbollah militants to store weapons in their village.

Israel said the weapons were bound for Hezbollah and originated from Iran. According to Lebanese Army in May it fired anti-aircraft artillery at two Israeli jets over Lebanon.

On 4 August , a clash on the border occurred when the Israel military tried to remove a tree from between the border and the border fence on Israeli territory.

According to the Israelis, the tree was blocking the view of one of their video cameras at the border. The Lebanese army fired at the Israeli forces and there was a clash for a few hours.

In the ensuing clash, one Israeli soldier died as well as two Lebanese soldiers and one Lebanese journalist. There were also a number of injured military soldiers and civilians on both sides including Lebanese journalists.

On Wednesday 16 July , in accordance with the mandates of Resolution , Hezbollah transferred the coffins of captured Israeli soldiers, [] Ehud Goldwasser and Eldad Regev , in exchange for incarcerated Palestine Liberation Front militant Samir Kuntar , four Hezbollah militants captured by Israel during the war, and bodies of about other Lebanese and Palestinian militants held by Israel.

The Lebanon War is the subject of two feature length films, both of which were screened at the Sundance Film Festival. A collective of Lebanese filmmakers produced during and in the immediate aftermath of the war some twenty short videos that were released as Videos Under Siege and presented in numerous festivals including the Dubai International Film Festival.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other wars in Lebanon, see Lebanon War. Lebanon , Northern Israel and the Golan Heights [7].

Supported by:. Israeli—Lebanese conflict. Main article: Israeli—Lebanese conflict. Main article: Timeline of the Lebanon War.

Further information: Military operations of the Lebanon War and Timeline of military operations in the Lebanon War.

Main article: Hezbollah cross-border raid. See also: Dahiya doctrine. Main article: Position of Lebanon in the Lebanon War.

See also: Siniora Plan and Foreign relations of Lebanon. Further information: Ceasefire attempts during the Lebanon War. See also: Convention on Cluster Munitions.

See also: Psychological warfare , Information warfare , and Disinformation. Main article: Casualties of the Lebanon War. Main article: International incidents during the Lebanon War.

See also: Jiyeh power station oil spill. The neutrality of this section is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page.

Please do not remove this message until conditions to do so are met. April Learn how and when to remove this template message. Further information: Humanitarian aid during the Lebanon War.

Main article: Allegations of war crimes in the Lebanon War. See also: International incidents during the Lebanon War.

Further information: Lebanon War photographs controversies and Adnan Hajj photographs controversy. Main article: Winograd Commission.

See also: conflict in Lebanon. Main article: Israel—Hezbollah prisoner exchange. Iran portal Israel portal Lebanon portal Modern history portal War portal.

Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 18 February Retrieved 20 September The Daily Star. Archived from the original on 28 September Asia Times.

Retrieved 25 November The LCP According to Hadadeh, at least 12 LCP members and supporters died in the fighting.

The Jerusalem Post. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 3 February Military and Strategic Affairs.

Retrieved 8 December International Herald Tribune. Archived from the original on 19 September Retrieved 13 October

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